The use of information and communication technologies by young people with intellectual disabilities in the context of digital inequalities and digital exclusion

Abstract

Thesis. Although we have convincing data on the use of the Internet[1] by young people in the general population (also adults), our knowledge about its use by people with disabilities remains a lot more limited. The reasons for this include a shortage of research on access to ICT, the use of such technologies by users with varying disabilities, and the support they receive in this respect. This applies in particular to individuals with intellectual disabilities.

 

Aim. The aim of the paper is to introduce the state of knowledge and selected challenges for the research field and the practice addressing young people with intellectual disabilities. The article is also focused on the different dimensions of inequalities and proposes a model of the areas of implementation of media education practices.

 

Conclusions. The role of ICT in the life of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) should be analysed in the context both of  benefits and barriers that may create the risk of exclusion. In terms of benefits, the analysis pertains to the Internet e.g. as a tool for new forms of interactions with the world, as a sphere of freedom and independent functioning as well as a chance for their empowerment. When analysing the context of the risk related to the use of the Internet by young people with ID one should not neglect e.g. various forms of abuse and other threats.

 

 

Author Biography

Piotr Plichta, Faculty of Pedagogy, University of Wroclaw, Dawida 1, Wroclaw, Poland

Piotr Plichta, dr hab. (post-doctoral degree). Associate professor in the Institute of Pedagogy of the University of Wroclaw, special educator. Author and co-author of about 100 scientific papers. A member and leader of research teams in both, Polish and international grants. A member of international scientific networks (e.g. Management Committee in COST IS 0801 “Cyberbullying: coping with negative and enhancing positive uses of new technologies, in relationships in educational settings” and COST IS 1210 “Appearance Matters: Tackling the physical and psychosocial consequences of dissatisfaction with appearance”). The field of academic expertise includes among others: • Cyberbullying among children and teenagers; • The use of ICT by students with special educational needs and disabilities; • The involvement of students with special educational needs in bullying, both in the traditional sense, and cyberbullying (especially in the victimization aspect) and other risk behaviours.

Published
2019-04-23
How to Cite
Plichta, P. (2019). The use of information and communication technologies by young people with intellectual disabilities in the context of digital inequalities and digital exclusion. E-Methodology, 5(5), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.15503/emet.v5i5.521
Section
“About the Internet” – Theory