Advantages and disadvantages of distance learning
Keywords:distance learning, e-learning, COVID-19
Introduction. E-learning has been known and used in many countries for a long time. It is becoming more and more popular. It is a way of teaching remotely, using the latest information technology. It can be used in any age group, starting with pre-school teaching.
In the era of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, remote learning has been mandatory due to the need to continue the teaching process whilst at the same time reducing the risk of spreading the virus. This has revealed many advantages, but also the disadvantages of this type of teaching.
Aim & methods. The aim of the work is to change the advantages and disadvantages of remote teaching as one of the modern forms of education. The work attempts to show the problems related to the risks and diffi culties associated with distance learning and the
advantages of the development of information technology. We reviewed recent literature on e- learning in Poland. We supplemented it with our own observations.
Results & Conclusions. Reviewed empirical studies from Poland suggest that the main advantages of distance learning are professional development of teachers, intergenerational experience exchange, time saving, the possibility of learning at a pace adapted to the student, access to a large quantity of teaching materials as well as the development and expansion of IT infrastructure. The main disadvantages are lack of peer interactions, the need to spend a lot of time in front of the computer, lack of physical activity, difficulties in independent assimilation of new material, lack of direct contact with the teacher, lack of computer equipment and inadequate housing conditions, lower didactic effects, social and economic exclusion. E-Learning is an excellent form of learning, due to its many advantages such as time savings and access to a wide range of materials, but requires a lot of commitment from the lecturers to encourage students to expand their knowledge and on the part of students selfcontrol and motivation.
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Copyright (c) 2021 IWONA KLISOWSKA, MARIOLA SEŃ, BARBARA GRABOWSKA
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